There are 13 types of genres


essay

in this occasion, I just want to share 10 types of genres. Next time I will share it again,,,,,,

The first is:

Narrative text

Purpose: to amuse/entertain the reader and to tell a story

Generic structure:

  • Orientation
  • Complication
  • Resolution
  • Re-orientation

Dominant language feature:

  • Using past tense
  • Using action verbs
  • Chronology ally arranged

Recount text

Purpose: to retell something happened in the past and to tell a series of past event.

Generic structure:

  • Orientation
  • Evens
  • Re-orientation

Dominant language feature:

  • Using past tense
  • Using action verbs
  • Using adjective

Note: commonly, narrative text found is story book

Ex: myth, fable, folk lore etc. while recount text is found in biography

Narrative use conflicts = among participant but we don’t find conflict inside recount text

 

 

Descriptive text

Purpose: to describe the particular person, place or thing in detail.

Generic structure:

  • Identification
  • Description

Dominant language feature:

  • Using simple present
  • Using action verbs
  • Using adverbs
  • Using special technical term

Report text

Purpose: to present information about something as it is.

Generic structure:

  • General classification
  • Description

Dominant language feature:

  • Introducing group or general aspect
  • Using conditional logical connection
  • Using simple present

Explanation text

Purpose: to explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural in social cultural phenomena.

Generic structure:

  • General statement
  • Explanation
  • Closing

Dominant language feature:

  • Introducing group or general aspect
  • Using action verbs
  • Using passive voice
  • Using noun-phrase
  • Using adverbial phrase
  • Using technical terms
  • Using general and abstract noun
  • Using conjunction of time and clause effect

Analytical exposition text

Purpose: to reveal the reader or listener that the something is the important case

Generic structure:

  • Thesis
  • Argument
  • Reiteration/conclusion

Dominant language feature:

  • Using modal
  • Using action verbs
  • Using thinking verbs
  • Using adverb
  • Using adjectives
  • Using technical terms
  • Using general and abstract noun
  • Using connectives transition

Hortatory exposition text

Purpose: to persuade the readers that something should not be the case or be done.

Generic structure:

  • Thesis
  • Argument
  • Recommendation

Dominant language features:

  • Using modals
  • Using simple present tense
  • Using action verbs
  • Using thinking verbs
  • Using adverbs
  • Using adjectives
  • Using technical terms
  • Using general and abstract noun
  • Using connectives transition

Procedure text

Purpose: to help readers how to do or make something completely

Generic structure:

  • Goal/aim
  • Material/equipment
  • Steps/method

Dominant language features:

  • Using simple present tense
  • Using imperatives sentence
  • Using adverbs
  • Using technical terms

–          Telling about steps

–          Having ingredients

–          Using infinitive (verb-1) command

–          Using first, second, then, next, finally…..

–          Using carefully, quickly, slowly

Discussion text

Purpose: to present information and opinions about issues in more one side of an issue (for/pros and against/cons)

Generic structure:

  • Issues
  • Arguments and against
  • Conclusion

Dominant language features:

  • Using simple present tense
  • Use of relating verb/to be
  • Using thinking verbs
  • Using general and abstract noun
  • Using conjunction/transition
  • Using modality
  • Using adverb of manner

Review text

Purpose: to critique or evaluate an art work or event for public audiences

Generic structure:

  • Orientation
  • Evaluation
  • Interpretative recount
  • Evaluation
  • Evaluate summation

Dominant language features:

  • Focus on specific participants
  • Using adjectives
  • Using long and complex clauses
  • Using metaphor

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